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A Simple Guide to Making a Diet Chart for Diabetic Patients

July 6, 2022

You must have a diet chart for diabetic patients if you are a diabetic patient or have a diabetic patient in your family. A diabetic diet chart helps control this disease at a moderate level and helps live healthily. But you don’t need any special meals if you’re attempting to avoid or treat diabetes since your nutritional requirements are practically the same as everyone else’s. However, you must pay attention to certain dietary choices, particularly the carbs you consume. You may reduce your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels by losing only 5% to 10% of your overall weight.

Losing weight and eating a healthy diet may improve your mood, energy, and overall well-being. Even if you are already a diabetic patient, it’s not too late to modify your lifestyle. You may minimize or even reverse your diabetes symptoms by eating better, becoming more physically active, and decreasing weight.

Regular mealtimes and portions of diverse meals, if you take diabetic medicine, can help you get the most out of the least quantity of medication. The reason is that diabetes patients are more likely to have high blood pressure or high blood lipids; eating heart-healthy (lean, low-fat) and low-salt meals makes sense.

Here you will know about some healthy, nutritious foods, their benefits, and the diet for sugar patients that helps control the disease to live long.

What is Diabetes?

Diabetes mellitus, also called only “diabetes”, is a long-term disease that affects how your body converts food into energy. Usually, the food you consume is converted to sugar and absorbed into your bloodstream. When blood sugar level increases, your pancreas stimulates insulin. Insulin is a key that allows blood sugar to enter your body’s cells and be used as energy.

If you have diabetes, your body system either does not produce enough insulin or does not utilize it as well as it should. Excessively blood sugar persists in your bloodstream when there isn’t enough insulin or when cells stop reacting to insulin. This may lead to significant health issues, including heart disease, eyesight loss, and kidney disease over time.

Though, there is no special treatment for diabetes. But decreasing weight, following a chart for diabetes, and being active may help control it. Taking medication as required, receiving diabetes self-management education and support, and following health-care visits may help decrease the effect diabetes has on your life.

Types of Diabetes

Type 1 Diabetes

Type 1 of diabetes is caused by an autoimmune response (in which the body mistakenly attacks itself) that prevents the body from producing insulin. Diabetes (Type 1) affects around 10% of persons with diabetes. Type 1 diabetes symptoms might occur spontaneously. It’s most often seen in children, teenagers, and adults. If you are a patient of type 1 diabetes, you need to acquire insulin dosage daily to stay alive. No one knows how to avoid type 1 diabetes until now.

Type 2 Diabetes

It is a majorly reported type (also known as insulin resistance) in which your body can’t utilize insulin properly. It can’t maintain blood sugar at normal levels if you have type 2 diabetes. Type 2 diabetes affects approximately 90% of people with diabetes. It takes several years to develop and is generally diagnosed in adulthood (as well as more and more in children, teens, and young adults). If you think you’re at risk, get your blood sugar checked since you may not notice any symptoms. You may avoid and delay Type 2 diabetes by adopting a healthy lifestyle that reduces weight, eating nutritious foods by following a diet plan for diabetics, and staying active.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is another but rarely reported type of diabetes that develops in pregnant women who have never had diabetes before. If a lady has gestational diabetes, her baby may be more susceptible to health issues. Although gestational diabetes typically goes away after your baby is delivered, it also raises your chance of developing type 2 diabetes later in life. Obesity is more prevalent in your child as a youngster or a teen, and there are more chances that your child will get diabetes type 2 later in life.

As discussed above, there is no specific food to overcome diabetic disease. Still, several nutritious foods help you manage your sugar, blood level, and weight by adding them to your food chart for diabetics, which is crucial to lowering the effects of this disease.

Let’s look at some nutritious and healthy foods that should be added and some foods that should be avoided in a diet for diabetic patients.

Diets for Diabetes Patients

Good Foods for Diabetes Patient’s diet

It doesn’t have to be challenging to determine the healthiest foods to the diabetes diet chart. If you have diabetes, simply, your most important objective should be to maintain your blood sugar levels under control. It’s also essential to consume foods that help prevent diabetic health problems such as heart disease. 

Your healthy food choice may play an essential role in diabetes prevention and management. Here we have discussed the healthiest foods to make a simple diabetic diet plan for both type 1 and type 2 diabetes:

Fatty Fish

Fatty fishes, such as salmon, sardines, herring, mackerel, and anchovies, provide a significant amount of omega-3 fatty acids DHA and EPA, which can protect your heart from diabetes-related problems. Since diabetes practically doubles your risk of heart disease and stroke, integrating fatty fish into the food chart for diabetes can help you avoid significant consequences. High-protein food will keep you healthy and help you maintain a healthy weight.


Although most nuts are high in fiber and low in net carbs, they won’t raise your blood sugar. It’s vital to differentiate the types of nuts because some of them have a lot of digestible carbs. Almonds, Brazil nuts, cashews, hazelnuts, macadamia nuts, pecans, and pistachios are the finest nuts for people with diabetes.


A high-fat, low-carb breakfast like consuming eggs can also help people with diabetes maintain their blood sugar levels throughout the day. Eggs may help to reduce inflammation, enhance insulin sensitivity, boost HDL (good) cholesterol levels, and change the size and shape of LDL (bad) cholesterol. So it must be added to a diabetic patient’s diet plan


Avocados are beneficial because they contain less than one gram of sugar, low amount carbs, a high fiber content, and healthy fats, so you do need to worry about their usage because they won’t spike your blood sugar levels. 


Broccoli is low in calories and carbs, with only 55 calories and 11 grams of carbohydrate per cup of cooked chopped florets. Still, it’s also high in minerals like vitamin C and iron. It’s filled with healthful plant compounds that could help protect you from a range of diseases.


Strawberries are rich in anthocyanins, which make them red, and polyphenols, which are antioxidant-rich plant elements, can be added to your diet chart for diabetic patients. You can also choose raspberries, blueberries, or blackberries, containing less sugar than other fruits such as apples and bananas.

Chia seeds and Flaxseeds

The Chia seeds and flax seeds are the two ideal seeds to eat if diabetes. Chia seeds are a great source of fiber for people with diabetes. Flaxseeds are high in heart-healthy omega-3 fats, fiber, and other beneficial compounds. It has Lignans, which make up a portion of their insoluble fiber, may help reduce the risk of heart disease.

Greek Yogurt

Yogurt and other dairy foods have been shown in studies to help people with type 2 diabetes lose weight and improve their body composition. Greek yogurt is low in sugar but high in probiotics, so it’s a wonderful choice. Also, Greek yogurt has a lower carb content than regular yogurt, with only 6–8 grams per cup.

Olive Oil

You don’t need to be afraid of olive oil fat. Because of its high monounsaturated fatty acid, olive oil shows the best results in diabetes management. While fat has more calories than carbs, it keeps you full longer, reduces blood sugar spikes, and allows your body to absorb vitamins A and E. you must include olive oil in the diabetic food chart.

Now you understand that we can add some healthy foods to a diet chart for diabetic patients. 

Here we are mentioning a list of foods that diabetes patients should avoid:

  • Sugar Added Beverages
  • Pasta, white bread, and rice
  • Trans fats: portions of margarine, spreads, creamers, peanut butter, and frozen dinners.
  • Breakfast cereals containing sugar
  • Yogurt with fruit flavors
  • Honey, agave nectar, and maple syrup are all examples of natural sweeteners.
  • Coffee drinks with different flavors
  • Packed snacks
  • Dry fruit 
  • French fries
  • Candy
  • Fruit juices
  • Alcohol

Here is an easy diabetic meal plan for a day, and you can make another day’s meal according to the foods mentioned above.

One Day Diet Chart for Diabetes Patients

BreakfastBread or Paratha (olive or canola oil) Salan/Egg White Tea/milk (without cream)
Morning snacksAny seasonal fruit
LunchBoiled rice – 1 cupSalan ½ plate & yogurt ½ cup
Evening Snacks1 cup teaBiscuit (sugar-free)
DinnerPlain bread – 1Salan – small plateSalad ½ plate & yogurt ½ cup
Diet Chart for Diabetes Patients


A diet chart for diabetic patients might help keep this disease under control and live a healthy lifestyle. You must pay attention to certain dietary choices, particularly the carbs you consume. By losing just 5% to 10% of your overall weight, you can lower your blood sugar, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.

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